Termite extermination is a very serious and important business today. Every year, we see different cases of termites wreck havoc to houses and buildings, destroying precious furniture, books, documents and much more. The damage these pesky little pests do could easily reach billions of dollars and to homeowners; the economic damage is always coupled with emotional strain, which makes the termite extermination and control not only essential, but also a very lucrative industry.
It is widely known that termites have great appetite for wood, but little do we know that they also attack papers, books, and other components of the house such as insulation. This is because termites eat cellulose-based materials. Termite damage is not widely covered by most homeowner’s insurance policy and getting rid of them may prove difficult and complicated to untrained eyes and hands, so when you suspect or have seen signs of termite infestation it would be wise to call in a professional termite exterminator immediately. With proper tools and training, he can thoroughly check and confirm the stage and severity of the infestation and inform you of the necessary procedures for termite control and eradication so termite damage and infestation can be put to a minimum. Serious cases of subterranean termite infestation generally require professional termite extermination and control methods mostly due to the difficulty in reaching their nesting areas which are underground and their hiding places within walls. However, for homeowners who are conscious about expenses, there are do-it-yourself treatments that are equally useful for termite prevention.
As termite treatment is important to saving your home from termite attack, such treatment is a waste of money, time and sweat if used wrongly. Termite extermination methods vary for each different types of termites which is why it is very important to identify what kind of termites are giving you the headache. There are various different types of termites and majority of them could care less about humans. The kinds that we are constantly at war and should watch out for are the subterranean termites, drywood termites and the Dampwood termites. They have proven to be significant threats to human properties, particularly to different wood structures, if left undetected and untreated.
The most unforgiving kinds of termites are the subterranean termites. They build their colony underground because they require soil and moisture in order to thrive. They prove to be most destructive not only because of their unstoppable appetite for wood but also a mature subterranean colony could have a population of termites reaching millions. Their numbers alone can make termite extermination more complex and difficult. They build webs of mud tubes or tunnels underground as they breed and forage for food. A notable sign of subterranean infestation is when you see mud tubes rising from the ground to the base of the foundation of your home. Within damaged walls, you’ll find galleries and tunnels with soil deposits inside. Aerial nests are also possible for a well established subterranean colony. A clear red flag of subterranean infestation which should prompt you to call a termite control specialist is the presence of swarming termites. Swarmers are winged reproductive termites that go out and find a mate in order to reproduce and build new colonies. The most favorable time for swarmers to go out is during spring where the temperature is warm and there is plenty of rain. Because they are easily attracted to light, you often see them flying during the day or at night around the lights and discard their wings near window sills, door frames and window frames. Dealing with subterranean termites would mean attacking their colony because of their large numbers. Termite extermination methods would include soil treatment and bait system to infiltrate deep rooted colonies.
From the name itself, drywood termites nest and infest on drywood structures without requiring soil contact and moisture. They build their colonies above ground on dry wood that do not seem to be rotting. They are most likely the ones attacking your indoor furniture. How they managed to get indoors is probably through catching a ride on already infested wooden properties that are brought from the outside. Unlike subterranean termites, drywood termite colonies are so small that they could start up with 50 termites and can grow slowly to more or less 3,000 in a span of 15 years. Because of their relatively small number, damage to properties they infest will take longer to materialize and the severity minimal compared to subterranean termites. That is why the first step in drywood termite extermination is constant inspection of your indoor wood furniture. One sign of infestation would be piles of fecal pellets also known as frass around the base of the infested wood. The frass are release by termites from tiny kick-holes that they make from their nests which could easily go unnoticed to the untrained eyes. Another telltale signs of drywood termites are discarded wings shed from the swarmers. Termite extermination on drywood termites are relatively easier because damage is always localized because they feed on where they nest. So once you notice a drywood infestation, you automatically know what termite control measures to use. Spot treatment on places of infestation is generally done by drilling holes on the infested area and applying termiticides into the holes to eradicate. For serious infestation, tent fumigation is sometimes done by specialists.
Unlike drywood termites, Dampwood termites nest and infest wood with enough moisture, which is damp or wet. They do not however, require soil contact in order to survive. They do significant damage to wood work because they eat across the grain. The tunnels they make are smooth and fecal pellets are gathered at the bottom of the galleries. They tend to infest on trees that are dying or decaying usually tree stumps, also wood work that are exposed to moisture such as leaky pipes. From there, they can easily attack nearby wood structures directly. Termite extermination for Dampwood termites should then start by eliminating all moisture sources that could give them the most suitable living condition. And because they nest on where they eat, spot treatment of Dampwood termites can be used by applying termiticides on places of infestation.
Termite Treatment by a Professional
Addressing the problem of termite infestation is a sensitive matter. Doing it yourself may be cost effective, but chances are termite extermination process is not done correctly or the coverage is so limited that the colony is left untouched. Termite extermination cost may be a little on the expensive side but it will benefit you in the long run. Termite extermination requires special tools, equipments and skills of a termite exterminator to be most effective. Experience will tell him where to look for the likeliest points of entry by termites and most of these are hard to reach places. Handling large amounts of termiticides could be dangerous to anyone who is untrained or inexperienced. Necessary tools and equipment are readily available only to the experts. Termite extermination warranties and retreatment at no extra charge are also offered by pest control Melbourne companies which means you can have a follow up on the treatment done in your home.